Psychology is the scientific study of behaviour, brain function and the mind; this refers to both conscious and unconscious states of mind. Psychologists use careful observation, experimentation and analysis to expand their knowledge in the field.

Specialties CLINICAL – Uses various methods, including psychotherapy, to treat mental, emotional and behavioural disorders such as schizophrenia and clinical depression.

COGNITIVE AND PERCEPTUAL – Studies human perception, thinking and memory, as well as, reasoning, judgment and decision making.

COUNSELLING – Uses therapy to help people cope with the problems associated with normal human development, as well as recognize their strengths.

DEVELOPMENTAL – Studies the psychological development of humans from birth to death.

EDUCATIONAL – Studies how children learn and develop with special focus on subgroups, such as persons with learning disabilities, and on appropriate teaching techniques.

ENGINEERING – Conducts research on ways to improve how people operate with machines.

EVOLUTIONARY – Studies psychological traits and evolutionary principles such as mutation and behaviour.

EXPERIMENTAL – Conducts research using experimental methods on various psychological areas such as cognitive processes, behaviour and neurological processes; experimental psychologist work with both humans and animals.

FORENSIC – Involves applying psychological principles to legal issues with the aim of testifying in court and reformulating psychological findings into legal terminology for court presentation.

HEALTH – Specialises in understanding how biological, psychological and social factors affect health and illness prevention.

INDUSTRIAL/ORGANISATIONAL – Applies psychological principles and research to organisations and workplaces with the aim of improving productivity, satisfaction and workplace behaviour.

NEUROPSYCHOLOGY – Studies the relationship between brain processes and behaviour. This field also works with both human and animal subjects.

CLINICAL NEUROPSYCHOLOGY – Assesses and treats persons with brain injury to assist them in regaining lost functions.

QUANTITATIVE AND MEASUREMENT – Uses mathematical and statistical methods and techniques for designing experiments and analyzing data.

REHABILITATION – Works on the rehabilitation of stroke and accident victims, persons with developmental disabilities and mental retardation.

SCHOOL – Assesses and works with children in public and private schools to help with school difficulties.

SOCIAL – Studies the thoughts, feelings and behaviours of persons and the way they are shaped by interactions with others.

SPORT – Studies the psychological factors that affect an athlete’s focus on competition goals, motivation and anxiety and fear management.


  • Interview and observe clients.
  • Conduct tests to assess clients’ abilities.
  • Conduct assessments of clients’ mental and emotional state.
  • Develop treatment plans where applicable.
  • Write reports and track progress.
  • Conduct research in various areas.
  • Work with clients therapeutically to help them to solve problems


  • Bachelor of Science degree in Psychology.
  • Postgraduate qualification in a relevant specialty area (Masters or PhD).


  • Good communication and people skills.
  • Research skills.
  • Problem-solving and decision-making skills.
  • Ability to interpret results.
  • Understanding and respect for various cultures.
  • Time management skills.
  • Report writing skills.
  • Open-minded.
  • Ability to empathise with clients.
  • Ability to handle stress.
  • Ability to work well under pressure.
  • Ability to establish and maintain clear boundaries between self and clients even in highly emotional situations.
  • Ability to tolerate and contain clients’ strong emotions.
  • Good analytical skills



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