The NCD problem is growing rapidly because of the high and increasing prevalence of NCD risk factors in the population. There are several types of factors that increase the risk for the development of NCDs. Personal factors such as age, ethnicity, and genetic factors are not amenable to change. However, NCDs share common risk factors that are modifiable. Critical actions for prevention and control of NCDs must be directed at the modifiable risk factors which include:
A message by the Minister of Health on the National Strategic Plan for the Prevention and Control of Non Communicable Diseases (2017-2021).
The health of a nation is a fundamental determinant of the quality of life of its citizens and directly influences expenditure, productivity, and the achievement of sustainable developmental goals. Health is therefore an instrument of development.